Dashboard Spy Readers: This excellent design reference makes a great crash course in user interface design for business dashboard applications. I’ll show you where to download it but first let me share the table of contents:
- Human Factors: The Theory Behind Interface Design
- Design Principles
- Advance Organizers
- Aesthetic – Usability Effect
- Physical Constraints
- Psychological Constraints
- Entry Point
- Figure-Ground Relationship
- Fitts’ Law
- Hick’s Law
- Flexibility-Usability Tradeoff
- Navigation Hierarchies
- Hierarchy of Needs
- Interface Design
- Schneiderman’s Rules for Interface Design
- The Myth of the Metaphor
- Gestalt Laws of Organization
- Color Theory
- Color Applied
- Graphic Design
- Light Source
- The Phi Ratio (Golden Mean)
- Language and Fonts
Download the guide here: Dashboard Design Reference
Here’s a snippet of the excellent content:
Human Factors: the Theory Behind Interface Design
The study of human interaction with technology, known as “Human Factors,” approaches design issues based on the use, rather than the potential, of the end product. By using principles determined through this study of Human Factors to guide their interface designs, designers can focus on what the client needs, rather than what the technology will allow. This is important because the control interface is the point of access to the AV system and the most critical element in determining success.
The study of Human Factors stems from three fundamental “laws”.
Moore’s Law: The growth of technology is a function of time; there will be more technology tomorrow than there is today.
Buxton’s Law of Promised Functionality: The functionality promised by technology will grow proportionally with Moore’s Law; there is going to be more functionality promised or offered tomorrow, than there is today.
God’s Law (Buxton’s interpretation): Human capacity is limited and does not increase over time; our neurons do not fire faster, our memory doesn’t increase in capacity, and we do not learn or think faster as time progresses. In fact, for individuals the opposite is true (Buxton 2001).
The interpretation of these “laws” is best described by Human Factors’ proponent and author, Alan Cooper, who concludes that when we combine a computer with anything, we create yet another computer with even greater complexity (Cooper 1999). While engineers may increase features to remain competitive, the human capacity to control technology remains constant and limited. This paper reviews some of the philosophies embraced by Human Factors’ proponents, expands upon their guidelines and extrapolates applicable elements to AV control interface design.
Check out the reference.
The Dashboard Spy